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A few of the native plants of Maryland
 

There are extensive lists of native plants (for example, the U. Md. Extension's Native Plants; the National Park Service's Plant Lists for Maryland Regions; U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service's Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping).

The short list below includes some of the native plants commonly found in home gardens in our area and made available to us for fundraising sales. These plants are deer-resistant with the exception of the Symphyotrichum and others marked by an asterisk.

Latin name (common name) bloom time, flower description, light preference, moisture preference

Agastache foeniculum (anise hyssop) summer, purple spears, sun to part, moist to dry

Ageratina altissima (white snakeroot) fall, white fuzzy, part sun, moist

Agrimonia pubescens (downy agrimony) late summer, yellow petals, part sun, moist to dry

Allium cernuum (nodding onion) summer, pink bells, sun to part, moist to dry

Anemone canadensis (windflower) spring, white petals, sun to part, wet to moist

Aquilegia canadensis (red columbine) spring, red trumpets,part to shade, moist to dry

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit) spring "jack", fall red berries, part to shade, wet to moist

Asarum canadense (wild ginger) spring small brown flower, part to shade, wet to moist

Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) summer, orange trumpets, sun, moist to dry

Asclepius incarnata (swamp milkweed) summer, pinkish clusters, sun, wet to moist

Asclepius syriaca (common milkweed) summer, pinkish clusters, sun, moist to dry

Baptisia australis (blue false indigo) spring, blue flowers, sun to part, moist to dry

Campsis radicans (trumpet vine) summer, red trumpets, sun to part, moist

Carex glaucodea (blue sedge) none, none, part to shade, moist to dry  

Cercis canadensis (redbud shrub) spring, pink blossoms, sun, moist

Chasmanthium latifolium (wood oats) fall seedheads, part to shade, moist

Chelone glabra (white turtlehead) summer, pink-white turtleheads, sun to part, wet to moist

Chrysogonum virginianum (golden knees) spring, yellow daisy, part sun, moist

Conoclinium coelestinum (mistflower) fall, blue fuzzy, sun to part, moist

Coreopsis verticillata (thread-leaf coreopsis) summer, yellow daisy, sun, moist to dry

Delphinium exaltatum (tall larkspur) summer, purple bloom, sun to part, moist

Echinacea purpurea (purple coneflower) summer, purple daisy, sun to part, moist to dry

Epilobium coloratum (cinnamon willow herb) summer, pink daisy, part sun, moist

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass) fall, pink seedheads, sun, moist to dry

Erigeron philadelphicus (common fleabane) spring, white daisy, part sun, moist

Erigeron pulchellus (Robin's plantain) spring, lavender daisy, part sun, moist to dry

Eupatorium serotinum (thoroughwort) fall, white fuzzy, part sun, moist

Eurybia divaricata (wood aster) fall, white daisy, part to shade, moist to dry

Eutrochium purpureum (Joe-Pye weed) summer, mauve clusters, sun to part, moist

Helenium autumnale (sneezeweed) summer and fall, yellow daisy, sun, moist

Helianthus tuberosum (sunflower, Jerusalem artichoke) summer, yellow daisy, sun to part, moist

Heuchera americana (American alumroot) spring-summer, yellow flower, part to shade, moist to dry

Hypericum mutilum (dwarf St. John's wort) summer, yellow daisy, sun to part, wet to moist

Iris versicolor (blue flag) spring, violet iris, sun to part, wet to moist

Liatris spicata (blazing star) fall, violet spikes, sun, moist

Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower) summer and fall, red tubes, sun to part, wet to moist

Lobelia siphillitica (blue lobelia) summer, blue trumpets, sun to part, wet to moist

Lonicera sempervirens (coral honeysuckle) spring and summer, red trumpets, sun, moist

Matteuccia struthiopteris (ostrich fern) none, none, part to shade, wet to moist

Menthis arvensis (common mint) summer, violet flowers, sun to part, moist

Mertensia virginica (Virginia bluebells) spring, blue trumpets, part to shade, moist

Monarda didyma (scarlet bee balm) summer, red globe, sun to part, wet to moist

Monarda fistulosa (bergamot bee balm) summer, red-violet globe, sun to part, moist to dry

Monarda punctata (horsemint) summer, purple and yellow layers, sun to part, moist to dry

Oenothera fruticosa (sundrops) spring, yellow flowers, sun, moist to dry

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern) none, none, part to shade, wet to moist

Osmunda regalus (royal fern) none, none, part sun to shade, wet to moist

Packera (Senecio) aurea (golden ragwort) spring, yellow daisy, sun to shade, wet to dry

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) fall, red leaves, sun to shade, moist

Passiflora incarnata (maypops; passionflower vine) summer, purple flower, sun to part, moist to dry

Penstemon digitalis (foxglove beardtongue) spring, white trumpets, sun, moist to dry

Phlox paniculata (tall garden phlox) summer, white or pink flowers,sun to part, moist

Physostegia virginiana (obedient plant) summer, pink flowers, sun, moist

Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern) none none, part to shade, moist to dry

Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) summer, purple spires, sun to part, moist

Pycnanthemum muticum (blunt mountain mint) summer, pink clusters, sun to part, moist to dry

Rosa carolina (pasture rose) spring, pink roses, sun, moist

Rudbeckia fulgida (yellow coneflower) summer, yellow daisy, sun, moist to dry

Rudbeckia hirta (black-eyed susan) summer, yellow daisy, sun, moist

Rudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) summer, yellow daisy, sun to shade, moist

Salvia lyrata (lyreleaf sage) spring, pink trumpets, sun to shade, moist to dry

Sedum ternatum (stonecrop) spring, tiny white flowers, sun to shade, moist

Senna marylandica (Maryland senna) summer, yellow flowers, sun, moist

Silene caroliniana* (wild pink) spring, pink flowers, sun to part, moist to dry

Sisyrinchium augustifolium (blue-eyed grass) spring, blue daisy, sun, moist

Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod) fall, yellow sprays, sun, wet to moist

Symphyotrichum cordifolium* (blue wood aster) summer, blue daisy, sun to part, moist to dry

Symphyotrichum ericoides* (many-flowered aster) fall, white daisy, sun, moist to dry

Symphyotrichum laeve* (smooth aster) fall, purple daisy, sun, moist to dry

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum* (panicled aster) fall; white daisy, sun, moist to dry  

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae* (New England aster) fall, purple daisy, sun, moist

Symphyotrichum pilosum* (heath aster) fall, white daisy, sun, moist to dry

Teucrium canadense (American germander) summer, lavender raceme, part sun, moist

Tiarella cordifolia (foam flower) spring, white tiny daisy, part to shade, moist to dry

Tradescantia ohiensis* (Ohio spiderwort) summer, purple flower, sun to part, moist to dry

Vernonia novaboracensis (New York ironweed) fall, purple fuzzy, sun, wet to moist

*browsed by deer